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FAQ/LinuxKernelModuleCompile

How do I compile a Linux kernel module?

You have to write a Makefile. The Makefile is a standard one and depends on the kernel version. Do not try to make your own Makefile, use the Linux kernel infrastructure, as explained below.

Standard Makefile for 2.6 kernels

obj-m := name_of_module.o

all:
        make -C /lib/modules/$(shell uname -r)/build M=$(PWD) modules

clean:
        make -C /lib/modules/$(shell uname -r)/build M=$(PWD) clean

For more informations, see Linux Device Drivers, Building and Running Modules, and Driver porting: compiling external modules.

Standard Makefile for 2.4 (and <=) kernels

TARGET := module_name
INCLUDE := -I/lib/modules/`uname -r`/build/include
CFLAGS := -O2 -Wall -DMODULE -D__KERNEL__ -DLINUX
CC := gcc

${TARGET}.o: ${TARGET}.c
        $(CC) $(CFLAGS) ${INCLUDE} -c ${TARGET}.c

Once the module is compiled, you can load it with the following command :

insmod module.[ko|o]
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last edited 2006-04-24 21:01:12 by humanoidz